Learning Disabilities

Educate YourSelf

Learning Disability refers to a condition when a child has difficulty learning in a normal manner. Learning disabilities refer to disorders that inhibit the child’s academic potential. Common types of learning disabilities include dyslexia or reading disability, dyscalculia or mathematics disability and dysgraphia or writing disability.

Learning disability is often confused with Learning disorder. Learning disability is different from learning disorders in the intensity of the problem. Learning disability does not an official clinical diagnosis and is mild in comparison to learning disorders.

An Official Description of Learning Disability

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) describes the term ‘learning disability’ as a discrepancy between a child’s capacity to learn and the child’s actual level of achievement. The NJCLD describes Learning Disability as follows:

“Concept of Learning Disability: Strong converging evidence supports the validity of the concept of specific learning disabilities (SLD). This evidence is particularly impressive because it converges across different indicators and methodologies. The central concept of SLD involves disorders of learning and cognition that are intrinsic to the individual. SLD are specific in the sense that these disorders each significantly affect a relatively narrow range of academic and performance outcomes. SLD may occur in combination with other disabling conditions, but they are not due primarily to other conditions, such as intellectual disability, behavioral disturbance, lack of opportunities to learn, or primary sensory deficits.”

Causes of Learning Disabilities

The exact causes of learning disabilities are not known, but one may refer to the causes o“Concept of Learning Disability: Strong converging evidence supports the validity of the concept of specific learning disabilities (SLD). This evidence is particularly impressive because it converges across different indicators and methodologies. The central concept of SLD involves disorders of learning and cognition that are intrinsic to the individual. SLD are specific in the sense that these disorders each significantly affect a relatively narrow range of academic and performance outcomes. SLD may occur in combination with other disabling conditions, but they are not due primarily to other conditions, such as intellectual disability, behavioral disturbance, lack of opportunities to learn, or primary sensory deficits.”

If certain neurological impairments as being related to this condition. These causes are:

Hereditary – There is enough evidence to show that learning disabilities run through families. Children with learning disability may have a parent with this condition as well.

Anomalies during pregnancy and birth – Often, learning disabilities are caused due to problems during pregnancy or during the delivery. Women are strictly advised to stay away from alcohol and cigarettes during pregnancy for this reason. Accidents during the pregnancy, premature or prolonged labor is also known to cause learning disabilities.

Accidents after birth – Newborn babies that suffer from head injuries or malnutrition are also known to suffer from learning disabilities.

Types of Learning Disabilities

Reading disorder

Reading disability or developmental dyslexia is the most common learning disability, and 70% to 80% of the children affected by this condition are affected by it. This refers to the difficulty a child may have with reading a text, or word recognition.

Writing Disorder

Refers to the difficulty a child may have with writing. A child suffering from such a disability will be unable to express himself or herself through written expressing, and may make several grammar or punctuation mistakes. Dysgaphia is the term given to this learning disability.

Math disability

Dyscalculia, or math disability refers to the difficulties involved in learning math concepts, or a general difficulty with numbers.

Nonverbal learning disability

Children with nonverbal learning disability are known to have poor visual-spatial skills, are unable to form proper social relationships, suffer from motor clumsiness, find math hard and lack basic organizational skills.

Dealing with Learning Disability

Children who suffer from learning disabilities face specific challenges that last for a lifetime. There are several interventions or technologies that have been developed to help the children suffering from this. Many of these interventions are quite simple, but some are quite complicated. Their effectiveness largely depends on the severity of the condition, and so varies from child to child.

An effective classroom support, with the active involvement of teachers is a must to help children suffering from learning disabilities. It’s important for parents, teachers and schools to work together to create effective programs to help the child deal with this problem. School psychologists play an important role in this, and play an active role in designing interventions to help deal with learning disability in a child. A larger societal support is also critical and plays an important role in helping the child deal with the disability.

How Learning Disability is different from Intellectual Disability and ADHD…

Learning disability is NOT Intellectual disability which basically means having an IQ lower than 70. Children with learning disability DO NOT lack of intelligence.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (or ADHD) often co-occurs with learning disability, but they are not the same. A child suffering from ADHD may struggle during learning, but can recover after receiving treatment for ADHD.

Information and Resources

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List of Resources

Disability-Employment

Have you ever wanted an easy way to search for social services, transportation information and community organizations available in your region?
Check out the Community Information Database for your region. These databases contain information about social, health and government services.

Peel Information Database: Listing more than 1700 services and organizations for Brampton, Caledon and Mississauga.
Peel Information Network

Halton Information Database: Browse listings of local agencies in the region of Halton, including Burlington, Halton Hills, Milton and Oakville.
Halton Information Network

The Community Information Online Consortium: If you want to search for community information in more than one regions at a time you can visit this link.
Community Info Online

Dufferin County Homepage: offers a community calendar, county services and government administration links and more for residents of Mono, Orangeville, Shelburne and the surrounding rural townships.
Dufferin County

Person with Disabilities On Line provides information on a full range of disability related services and programs locally and nationwide.
PWD Online

Barrier Free Employment from the Canadian Human Rights Commission introduces the rights and responsibilities related to employment issues such as disclosure and accommodations
Barrier Free Employment

Mental Health Works: A partnership of the Canadian Mental Health Association and HRSDC
Mental Health works is a comprehensive resource that examines the perspective of the employee and the employer. Detailed information on the topic of disclosure and accommodation issues. Learn if, what and when to tell you employers about your mental health issues and the rights and responsibilities accorded by law.

WorkInk: The Canadian Council on Rehabilitation and Work.
Presents Canada’s largest Virtual Employment Resource Centre for Persons with Disabilities
www.workink.com

Canadian Council on Social Development: Established by the Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD), with financial support from Human Resources Development Canada which provides centralized access to information about disability research (HRDC).
CSSD

The Canadian Abilities Foundation hosts this very useful site that covers a variety of issues and a directory of disability organizations. Linking people with disabilities to a world of resources
EnableLink

United Way

United Way

United Way inspires people from all walks of life to come together to raise funds, volunteer and stimulate policy and attitude changes that lead to the improvement of people’s quality of life in Brampton, Caledon and Mississauga.

United Way is a beacon for positive social change. No other charitable organization with both a local and national focus is driven to unite individuals, organizations, government and businesses around a common goal for the sole purpose of improving the communities we live in. We thrive on generating positive community impact that leads to better lives for everyone, not just a select few.

United Way of Peel Region was established in 1967 to serve the communities of Mississauga, Brampton and Caledon. Every program and agency we support is improving social conditions in the region to ensure that each resident can not only survive, but thrive.

We work within the community to improve the lives of individuals and families, strengthen neighborhoods, and make our community better for everyone. We address the immediate needs of our community and work to identify and remedy the root causes for social issues within our community.

United Way is a volunteer led organization governed by a volunteer Board of Directors, composed of leading community members. The Board oversees how donations are used, shapes our strategic vision and plan, and monitors organizational performance.

With a strong voice for social change, United Way is strengthening our community, and improving lives. No member of our community is immune to challenges – United Way is here to champion and inspire sustainable change that strengthens community and improves lives.

United Way and its partners, engage with the community to care for, connect with and include everyone. Inclusion, accountability, integrity, collaboration, voluntarism and vision are the main principles behind every action we take – we invite you to join our network and help us build a healthier, more vibrant community.

Charitable Registration Number
10810 2807 RR0001